Gum Disease has nothing to do with your smile, your fashion sense, or your age. It is not even about how many dental visits you have made in the last six months. Gum Disease is an autoimmune disorder that is systemic and cannot be solved by brushing, flossing, or rinsing. Periodontitis, also known as gum inflammation, is a chronic gum infection resulting in tooth loss and many other serious health implications.
The most common causes of periodontal disease are antibiotics, poor oral hygiene, and poor diet. Antibiotics not only destroy harmful bacteria in your mouth, but they can also kill beneficial bacteria, which serve as a line of defence between the bacteria and your teeth. Poor oral hygiene results in the build-up of plaque that hardens into tartar and cannot be removed by brushing, flossing, or rinsing. This results in an increased amount of bacteria that will feed on the food particles deposited in your mouth, which eventually results in gum disease and periodontitis.
The symptoms of periodontal disease include bleeding gums, loosening, swelling, redness, halitosis, bad breath, inflammation, cavities, and pocket depths. Halitosis is often caused by an infection of the tissues in the back of your mouth that cover your teeth and gums. The inflammation can be so severe that small holes in these tissues may form, which allow bacteria to enter your bloodstream. These bacteria travel to all the major organs of your body. This will result in numerous heart diseases, stroke, respiratory failure, blindness, kidney failure, and various forms of cancer.
Gum disease is not limited to people who smoke and use tobacco products; even drinkers can contract periodontitis. Brushing regularly is good enough, but if you ignore small deposits of plaque on the teeth and gums, bacteria will continue to increase and root in the mouth’s tissues. Once this happens, the only way to remove them is by using scaling, flossing, or surgery.
When it comes to periodontal disease, statistics show that there is presently no effective treatment available for this condition which can prolong the life expectancy of those suffering from it for at least thirty years. Research reveals that bacteria that are found naturally in the mouth cause periodontal disease. However, antibiotics destroy these bacteria leaving behind an environment in which bacterial growth is accelerated. As such, a bacterial balance is disturbed in the mouth leading to the bacteria proliferating rapidly.
Gum bleeding during the night is one of the common periodontal symptoms. This symptom may be due to the inflammation of the gums caused by gingivitis. Other symptoms include dryness of the mouth, the feeling of having a raw or sore tooth, swollen and painful gums, halitosis (bad breath), and bad taste in the mouth. If you have any of these symptoms, you should consult your dentist immediately.
You may also experience signs and symptoms such as an itchy, painful, or stiff, tender area around the tooth or the crown. You may also notice that your tooth is sensitive to touch or your tooth has an unpleasant taste when touched. If you have any of these symptoms, you should immediately contact your dentist. Further examinations are required to confirm if there is indeed an infection inside the mouth. Once confirmed, the dentist may prescribe antibiotics and perform a deep cleaning of your mouth.
Gum disease can cause gum swelling and tartar, a hard, sticky substance that sticks to the teeth. These symptoms are embarrassing and can also be very painful. It’s therefore important to prevent any symptoms from occurring because if left unattended, they can result in cavities and tooth decay. Maintaining healthy gums is one of the best ways to avoid symptoms like this and maintain a healthy smile and teeth.