Heart failure is a medical emergency. Heart failure should recognize Signs and symptoms as soon as possible. The primary goals of treatment for heart failure are to reduce the chance of future disease progression (by reducing the need for hospital admission and thus, possibly eliminating death), minimize symptoms, and improve quality of life. The process of diagnosing and managing heart failure is a challenge even for cardiologists.
There are three types of heart failure: right-sided congestive heart failure (RCD), left-sided diastolic failure (LLD), and congenital heart failure (CGH). Congestive heart failure is often associated with an abnormal heart rhythm, such as irregular or prolonged beats, breathlessness, dizziness, or palpitations. Left-sided diastolic failure is the more common condition. It can include vomiting or nausea, fatigue, chest pain, weakness, sweating, increased blood pressure, headache, and shortness of breath. Cardiomyopathy, the most severe complication, is marked by a heart murmur with no evidence of normal cardiac function. There is no method of predicting how individuals will respond to heart failure; therefore, treatments are directed at improving the symptoms of the disease rather than attempting to determine the exact cause of the problem.
Symptoms of RCD include a long-term condition where the heart does not function well or does not work at its optimum capacity. Symptoms may include pain in the shoulder, arm, or groin; shortness of breath; fever; fatigue; and frequent urination or diarrhea. For LLD, the symptoms are more likely to be a persistent cough, shortness of breath, dizziness, sweating, nausea, palpitations, and chest pain. Individuals diagnosed with congenital heart failure are at high risk of sudden death from heart failure due to genetic abnormalities of the heart muscle responsible for pumping blood.
Blood tests are performed to diagnose the disease more accurately and devise an effective treatment plan. People at risk factors for heart problems should begin taking medications as soon as possible to reduce their chances of developing complications. Some medicines that have been proven to reduce the risk factors significantly include beta-blockers, diuretics, calcium channel blockers, anticoagulants, antiplatelets, antidepressants, and vasodilators. Individuals with other conditions, such as hyperthyroidism, diabetes, or liver problems, should also carefully consider medications to reduce the risk of heart problems. Individuals should discuss all medicines and treatment options with a medical professional to determine which ones are the best choices.
Genetics are known to play an essential role in determining whether an individual is more susceptible to developing heart failure or not. If an individual’s mother or father had a history of heart problems, the chances of that individual developing a heart problem are much higher. Individuals who are obese are also more likely to develop conditions such as cardiac arrhythmias and heart failure. Congestive heart failure and high blood pressure are also risk factors for individuals who suffer from cardiac issues. Individuals who smoke cigarettes are also at a greater risk of developing heart failure, as nicotine decreases the amount of oxygen carried in the blood.
ACE Inhibitors medications are used to treat individuals who are at risk of developing congestive heart failure. These medications help strengthen the heart by reducing the amount of fluid transported throughout the body. Common medications include ACE Inhibitors such as doxycycline, atenolol, flutamide, and budesonide. Individuals who suffer from symptoms such as dizziness, shortness of breath, fainting, or nausea may benefit from one or more of these medications.
Heart attacks and strokes can result in death if proper treatment is not provided early. Prevention is the best method of preventing heart failure and the symptoms that may occur. Regular exercise, weight management, and quitting smoking are the most critical areas of prevention. Heart disease is the number one cause of mortality in the United States. Prevention is the best method of avoiding heart failure and the symptoms that may occur.
If any of the symptoms are present, it is recommended that you visit your doctor immediately. These symptoms can be warning signs for other conditions that are less serious. If left untreated, severe heart failure may result in death. The sooner that symptoms are detected, the easier they will be treated.